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Letter from the Editors
Revolutions take many forms, but those that begin with anger and frustration diffused across a population can appear slow in the making, if only because what is visibly broad does not always show itself as deep and powerful. So it must have felt on those chilly Saturday nights on Seoul’s streets last October, when people first gathered in protest.
Outraged by growing evidence of corruption and abuse of authority by President Park Geun-hye, at first thousands, then tens and hundreds of thousands, and finally more than a million gathered in candlelight vigils calling for an end to her rule. Only as autumn turned to winter did the end come: Park was impeached, then in March was removed from office.
But as Albert Camus said in The Rebel: An Essay on Man in Revolt, when a slave rises up against his master, it is not against the last lash of the whip, but all those that came before. Moon Jae-in, elected as South Korea’s new president on May 9, inherits leadership of a country whose citizens have challenged the foundations of its democracy and how the political system and economy have been managed for decades. They clamor for change and a re-legitimization of its democracy.
In the cover package of the latest issue of Global Asia, we examine the huge challenges that this People Power Revolution has laid before the feet of Moon and future South Korean leaders. To be sure, many have been a part of political debate for decades. But the stakes are higher now, and the public — freshly aware of its newfound power — is demanding accountability.
The challenges include finally amending the constitution to end South Korea’s “imperial...
presidency;” reforming a system that affords chaebol, or family-owned business groups, control of much of the economy; expanding a welfare system that does too little to protect the needy; addressing widening income gaps and other social inequalities; adopting policies to help South Korea harness the Fourth Industrial Revolution, ushered in by growing use of AI and robotics; grappling with youth unemployment in a country also burdened by an aging population; and managing complex relations with China, the US and Japan, amid continuing provocations from North Korea.
If the challenges are daunting, one can take comfort in the fact that South Koreans have overcome worse before. From the rubble of the Korean War, they built a major global economy in just 30 years. In the People Power Revolution that toppled Park, they signaled that they can still surprise.
Elsewhere in this issue, we feature a debate on China’s ambitious “One Belt, One Road” initiative. Is it a grand vision or an illusion? In our Features section, we explore the unique challenges that a rising China faces in unifying the language that it hopes will bind the nation together. We examine the scourge of “fake news” in Asia and why it matters; why Thailand’s middle class has become an obstacle to democracy in the face of the growing ambitions of the country’s rural population; how Southeast Asia has become a central focus of Japanese policy-makers under Shinzo Abe; and the unexpected impact of Narendra Modi on India’s foreign policy.
Our In Focus section features a first-hand account of the latest trip to North Korea by long-time visitor Rüdiger Frank and the changes he has observed over the years. Finally, in our book review section, we focus on a work that tries to explain America’s long-term strategy for the Asia-Pacific, in addition to our usual banquet of short reviews of books on this region.
13 Jul 2017 - In the latest escalation of tensions on the Korean Peninsula and the extended neighborhood of Northeast Asia, North Korea fired another ballistic missile on July 4 that landed in Japan’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ) in the Sea of Japan. This was the fifth such missile fired by North Korea that landed in Japan’s EEZ, the last one being on May 29. Each time North Korea launches a … Read full post
Walter C. Clemens, Jr
25 May 2017 - From: General Kim Jong UnTo: U.S. President Donald J. TrumpRe: Controlling Tensions Dear President Trump: Your people say that “all options are open,” but you have left out the easiest way to resolve our problems: an honest attempt at negotiation. You are an expert on the art of deal-making. So you know that no deal can be reached unless all parties believe it brings them gain.… Read full post
12 May 2017 - Since the end of the Cold War and until very recently, a guiding force that helped glue East Asia together has been the notion of a regional project to work toward. Seen in this light, then, a most striking development today may be that for the first time, East Asia does not seem to have a concrete regional project in place. Let me elaborate. Until the end of the Cold War, East … Read full post
23 Aug 2016 - China's recent scuttling of India's bid for membership in the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) has brought to the fore old tensions between the two Asian behemoths. Even though New Delhi had sent Foreign Secretary S. Jaishankar to Beijing June 16-17 to present its case in the run-up to the Seoul plenary of the NSG June 23-24, and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi made a… Read full post
02 Jun 2016 - Rodrigo Duterte -- often referred to as “The Punisher” for his behavior during his tenure as mayor of Davao City -- is set to become the next president of the Philippines on June 30. His election campaign and triumph at the polls have attracted enormous attention from world leaders, policy makers, academicians and members of the media; but, his victory was more or less a foregon… Read full post
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